The purpose of this post is to begin exploring an idea that popped into my head. My proposition is this: a positive right to resources, by its nature, cannot logically exist. In a world of scarce resources, any statement of a positive right must necessarily violate another's negative right. Because negative rights are granted by the Creator (or creator - see earlier discussion esp. Troy Camplin's contribution) and therefore cannot be legitimately violated, a positive right cannot exist.
The above is a syllogism, but I believe I must set about proving the proposition that a positive right to resources violates a negative right. The primary negative right, from which all other negative rights follow, is the property right. This may sound odd, but it must be understood that any person's primary property is the person (body). You own your body and no entity can violate your body legitimately. That is, any violation of a person's body, that is an act against the body without consent, is necessarily a criminal act. From this basic premise flow all negative rights.
That a person can own land flows then from the fact that you own your body and therefore your labor (work). We own land by being the first to work the land - note that this is different from staking a claim. Note this also goes against the idea of state land, or national borders. And, yes, the state has no right to expropriate land from the Indians.
Now, let's take a simple example to begin with, since I don't want to write a journal article here. An example of a commonly asserted positive right these days is the right to a job. In other words, person X has the right to get paid to do some work. Let's break it down further, and assume everyone is the world is self-employed. That same statement under these circumstances would read: I have a right to sell the fruits of my labor to you. That might sound okay, but only because one typically tosses an extra word in there: I have a right to try to sell the fruits of my labor to you. Say I grow pumpkins - I have no right to force you to buy my pumpkins, but I have every right to offer them to you in exchange for something you have (like other goods, or money, or whatever).
Now, let's say you come up to me and offer to help work my land in exchange for some pumpkins. A positive right to a job would state that you can force me to employ you. But this violates my negative right to refuse to exchange with you. My right to exchange only with those I want, and who also want to exchange with me, is a natural outflow from my property right. If your labor isn't worth a pumpkin to me, you have no right to compel me to give you pumpkins in exchange for your labor.
That's only one example, but let's put the challenge out there: what positive right to resources can you come up with that isn't a violation of someone's negative rights?